Dachigam park derives its name from the ten villages that existed before institution of the protected nature reserve in 1981. The area of park is unfold across 141 sq kilometers and lies at a distance of roughly 22 kilometers from Srinagar, the capital of the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir. The Sanctuary has been a protected space since the maharajah of Jammu and Kashmir used the area because the Royal Hunting Reserve. Currently a park, Dachigam life Sanctuary includes of many lakes, rivers, ornate meadows, waterfalls and dense cone-bearing forests. Being placed within the Paradise of India (Jammu and Kashmir), the protected forests feature grasslands that are full of the foremost colourful flowers throughout the year except in harsh winters. The Dagwan River that flows from the Marsar Lake could be a famous fishing spot and is understood for its population of trout. The Park is found in 2 totally different zones, particularly the higher and also the Lower Dachigam with each zones containing some major distinction in terms of terrain, flora and fauna. A automobile is employed to crosswise through Lower Dachigam howeverthe higher Dachigam will solely be tread by foot or on Zanskari Ponies.
Being located in the foot hills of the Himalayas, the climate at Dachigam is mostly favorable throughout the year except during peak winters when wind, snow and severely low temperatures make the area inaccessible. However the winter months from September to December are the best to spot some of the rare species.
Best Time to Visit
The sanctuary is accessible throughout the year except the winter months once chilling temperatures and snow makes the terrain difficult to treat and most animals can’t be noticed. However, the months of October and November are thought-about the simplest because the climate is that the most pleasant and also the fauna activity is that the highest. The park is closed between January and April.
Wildlife at Dachigam National Park
The dense forests and the variable terrain and range of altitude make Dachigam National Park an abode for a verity of species of animals and birds, many of which are endangered and rare.
Animals – Kashmir Stag (Hangul), Leopard, Snow Leopard, White-bellied Musk Deer, Himalayan Black Bear, Himalayan Brown Bear, the Otter, Yellow-throated Marten, Himalayan Weasel, Jackal, Long-tailed Marmot, Jungle-cat, Leopard Cat and Himalayan Fox etc.
Avi-Fauna – Monal Pheasant, Crimson Tragopan, Golden Eagles, Lammergeier Vultures, Blood Pheasant, Cinnamon Sparrows, Woodpeckers, Himalayan Rubythroats, Pygmy Owlets, Babblers, Orange Bullfinch, Golden Orioles, Kashmir Flycatcher, Black Bulbuls and Koklass Pheasant etc.